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“Our stock in trade is to bring to bear evidence on what works and what doesn’t,” says Masood Ahmed, CGD’s new president. He is paying tribute to a successful CGD tradition of nonpartisan, research-based policy innovation, as well as underlining what will continue to be our model in the future.
“The history of supporting development is a history of learning,” he tells me in his first CGD podcast. “What the World Bank, DFID, USAID, and other institutions do today is different from what they were doing 15 years ago and to my mind that is fantastic, because it shows these institutions have been learning from experience.”
We also talk about how facts and evidence sometimes seem under assault these days, as does the very idea of investing in development:
Over his 35-year, pre-CGD career in international financial institutions and development agencies, including the IMF, the World Bank, and DFID, Ahmed says the “broad shared consensus” around development has eroded, partly because “we have not made enough of an effort to convey a narrative about what it is that globalization and engagement with the rest of the world means for countries themselves [and] how we benefit from it.”
But how we communicate development progress is not the only issue. In the podcast, Ahmed also suggests that, in addition to the impact of technology and globalization, taxation and other policies of rich countries have also exacerbated inequality and a feeling of losing out—sentiments that have brought nationalism to the fore.
“We have to recognize that in advanced countries . . . many communities have felt that the pace of change has outstripped their capacity to adapt to change . . . . The measures we have taken to address the genuine concerns of these people have not been adequate.”
Globalization of the economic sort is often maligned. But then there is globalism: of norms, values, culture, and attitudes. Are norms and values, even “culture”, being globalized? Is the idea, for example, that women have equal rights, as in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), gaining ground as a universal norm? And might changing norms and values affect legal regimes and behavior (sometimes, maybe)?
I was recently invited to participate in a panel discussion, titled “Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Human Labor” at the 10th edition of World Policy Conference. Preparing for this panel provided me with an opportunity to think more deeply about the ways in which artificial intelligence (AI) and automation will impact the future of work. And I came to five main conclusions.
Today, we published this year’s Commitment to Development Index (CDI), which ranks 27 of the world’s richest countries in how well their policies help to spread global prosperity to the developing world.
What are the economic, political, and technological risks to future global growth and stability? This complex question was the topic of a recent conversation between IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde and CGD’s president Masood Ahmed. This week’s podcast is an edited version of their conversation.