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Featuring Sharon Nakhimovsky
Sr. Analyst, International Health, Abt Associates
Associate, International Health, Abt Associates
Discussants Ricardo Fenochietto
Senior Economist, Fiscal Affairs Department, International Monetary Fund
Associate Professor, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
Host Sebastian Bauhoff
Research Fellow, Center for Global Development
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which can lead to weight gain, is rising in middle-income countries (MICs) in tandem with the prevalence of obesity. Evidence from high-income countries suggests that taxing sodas may reduce consumption, and governments in many MICs are considering such taxes. In this seminar, Sharon Nakhimovsky and Andrea Feigl will present findings from a systematic review of ten observational studies from Brazil, Ecuador, India, Mexico, Peru, and South Africa that assess post-tax price increases, change in demand for SSBs and other products overall and by socio-economic groups, and the effect of SSB price change on obesity prevalence. The review indicates that price increases from a tax may result in reduced consumption of SSBs. Evidence also suggests a negative relationship between SSB prices and obesity prevalence, after accounting for substitution effects. Based on this analysis, taxes on SSBs may be a promising policy tool for MICs to address rising obesity prevalence.
Every year, more than 5 million women, children and adolescents die from preventable conditions, due to a significant financing gap for healthcare for women, children and adolescents, and inadequate incentives for provision and use of quality health services, among other factors. The Global Financing Facility (GFF) in support of Every Woman Every Child is a new approach to sustainable global health financing that is supporting countries’ approaches to financing and investing in the health of their people.
Many practitioners and researchers are grappling with how to better measure women’s and girls’ empowerment in impact evaluations. Which approaches to measuring a complex social outcome like decision-making power should we use, and can we improve on our existing models? When should we use internationally standardized survey questions and when is it better to develop locally tailored ones? Can non-survey instruments pick up useful information that surveys can’t, and when should we think about using them?
Five members of the Zimbabwe Working Group traveled to Harare May 20-25 to meet with the government, opposition leaders, and a wide range of business, religious, and civil society organizations to assess prospects for free and fair elections and for meaningful political and economic reform. Please join us to hear from the delegation as they share their findings and recommendations for US policy.