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Since the early 2000s, Latin America has become increasingly integrated with the global economy, liberalizing trade and opening its capital account. These initiatives were prompted by the assumption that advanced economies would not impose barriers to the cross-border movement of goods and services. But today, a rising wave of protectionism not seen since the Great Depression challenges this assumption.
With this new reality as the backdrop, the Latin American Committee on Macroeconomic and Financial Issues (CLAAF) will be meeting in Washington, DC to discuss how to tackle these emerging global economic challenges. Members of this committee include former finance ministers, former central bank governors, and other high-level economic officials and academics from across Latin America.
On Tuesday, April 10th the Committee will host a forum to debate and discuss these important questions:
If protectionist threats materialize, should Latin America follow suit, or reassert its determination to move towards global integration?
Entering a period of greater financial volatility associated with a dangerous combination of protectionism and higher international interest rates, should Latin America reassess its relatively orthodox macroeconomic stance and favor more heterodox policies (e.g., controls on capital flows)?
What is the role of regional institutions and the IMF in supporting Latin America’s financial stability in a changing world?
Laura Alfaro, Warren Albert Professor, Harvard Business School and Former Minister of National Planning and Economic Policy, Costa Rica
Guillermo A. Calvo, Professor of Economics, International and Public Affairs, Columbia University and Former Chief Economist, Inter-American Development Bank
Alberto Carrasquilla, Senior Partner, Konfigura Capital and Former Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Colombia
Augusto de la Torre, Former Chief Economist for Latin American and the Caribbean, World Bank and Former Governor, Central Bank of Ecuador
Roque BenjamínFernández, Director, Fund for the Promotion of Research, CEMA University and Former Minister of Finance, Argentina
Pablo Guidotti, Professor of Economics, School of Government, University Torcuato Di Tella and Former Vice Minister of Finance, Argentina
Liliana Rojas-Suarez (Committee Chair),Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development and Former Chief Economist for Latin America, Deutsche Bank
Ernesto Talvi, Director, Global-CERES Economic and Social Policy, Latin America Initiative, Brookings Institution and Academic Director, CERES, Uruguay
In outlining his vision for U.S. development assistance, US Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Mark Green has emphasized fidelity to an overarching purpose—ending its need to exist. Consistent with this objective, USAID has been developing a new strategic approach that seeks to more systematically orient its programming toward building countries’ capacity to plan, finance, and manage their own development. A key component of this “journey to self-reliance” framework is a set of metrics that will help assess each country’s progress along their journey. The metrics will help inform strategic planning around the nature of USAID’s partnership with the country, shape development dialogue, and help inform thinking about strategic transitions.
Five members of the Zimbabwe Working Group traveled to Harare May 20-25 to meet with the government, opposition leaders, and a wide range of business, religious, and civil society organizations to assess prospects for free and fair elections and for meaningful political and economic reform. Please join us to hear from the delegation as they share their findings and recommendations for US policy.
For over a decade, Boko Haram has waged a campaign of terror across northeastern Nigeria. In 2014, the kidnapping of 276 girls in Chibok shocked the world, giving rise to the #BringBackOurGirls movement. Yet Boko Haram’s campaign of violence against women and girls goes far beyond the Chibok abductions. From its inception, the group has systematically exploited women to advance its aims. Perhaps more disturbing still, some Nigerian women have chosen to become active supporters of the group, even sacrificing their lives as suicide bombers. These events cannot be understood without first acknowledging the long-running marginalization of women in Nigerian society. Having conducted extensive fieldwork throughout the region, Matfess provides a vivid and thought-provoking account of Boko Haram’s impact on the lives of Nigerian women, as well as the wider social and political context that fuels the group’s violence.
In Navigation by Judgment, Dan Honig argues that high-quality implementation of foreign aid programs often requires contextual information that cannot be seen by those in distant headquarters. Tight controls and a focus on reaching pre-set measurable targets often prevent front-line workers from using skill, local knowledge, and creativity to solve problems in ways that maximize the impact of foreign aid.