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US policies on immigration, trade, climate change, foreign assistance, and more affect the poor and vulnerable throughout the world. The Center for Global Development strives to make its research in these areas relevant and practical for US policymakers.
This week, Congress passed the African Growth and Opportunity Act and Millennium Challenge Act Modernization Act (H.R. 3445). Once signed, it will give MCC the long-awaited authority needed to pursue regional programming more effectively.
If the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is to remain as a key part of US development policy in Africa, it needs to embrace the sector on which so many of the poor in Africa depend. According to World Bank data, more than 60 percent of Africans live in rural areas, and they are more likely to be poor than their urban counterparts. Yet, while almost all manufactured goods enter duty-free under AGOA and other trade preference programs, US policy (unintentionally) discriminates against agricultural sectors in which Africa could be competitive.
Despite improvements in censuses and household surveys, the building blocks of national statistical systems in sub-Saharan Africa remain weak. Measurement of fundamentals such as births and deaths, growth and poverty, taxes and trade, land and the environment, and sickness, schooling, and safety is shaky at best. The Data for African Development Working Group’s recommendations for reaping the benefits of a data revolution in Africa fall into three categories: (1) fund more and fund differently, (2) build institutions that can produce accurate, unbiased data, and (3) prioritize the core attributes of data building blocks.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is at a crossroads. Many of its early compacts—large-scale, five-year grants that support country-led solutions to poverty reduction through economic growth in a select set of poor but well-governed countries—are coming to a close.
The international community has ambitious goals for responding to climate change and increasing global access to energy services. To date, these agendas have been viewed to be largely complementary. However, policy makers are now facing more explicit interactions between environment, energy, and economic and social development objectives and associated trade-offs.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation is a US agency that provides results-oriented assistance to low- and lower-middle income countries that exhibit strong performance on a number of measures of development. Among these measures is the Worldwide Governance Indicator for control of corruption. A country must score in the top half of its income group on control of corruption to pass the overall selection procedure. This paper examines the empirical underpinning of this “corruption hard hurdle.”
This introductory note is for funders that are considering the Cash on Delivery Aid approach for their operations. It offers answers to the most common questions that staff from government agencies and foundations have posed to the Center about testing this outcomes-focused approach. It provides specific sector examples and offers references to other resources and FAQs on the Center’s website that have more detailed information about designing and implementing Cash on Delivery Aid programs.
We conservatively estimate that more than 60 million additional people in poor nations could gain access to electricity if the Overseas Private Investment Corporation were allowed to invest in natural gas projects, not just renewables.
On June 17, 2015, CGD visiting fellow Clay Lowery testified before the U.S. House Subcommittee on International Monetary Policy and Trade on the core functions of the IMF, the quota reform package negotiated by IMF members in 2010, and why he thinks Congress should approve legislation to implement that reform package.
On March 19, 2015, senior fellow and director of CGD’s Rethinking US Development Policy Initiative Ben Leo testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy at a hearing about the potential for greater US trade and investment with Sub-Saharan Africa.
On July 29, 2014, senior fellow and director of CGD’s Rethinking US Development Policy Initiative Ben Leo testified before the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Trade at a hearing about the future of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) .
On February 27th, senior fellow and Chief Operating Officer Todd Moss testified before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Energy and Power regarding the US role in promoting international access to energy.
Arvind Subramanian testified before the United States International Trade Commission on February 12, 2014. Subramanian shared his thoughts on India’s trade, investment, and industrial policies and offered policy recommendations from both an economic and strategic perspective.
Arvind Subramanian testified before the House Committee on Financial Services Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade on January 9, 2014. Subramanian shared his thoughts on the international impacts of the Federal Reserve’s quantitative easing program.
Arvind Subramanian testified before the Senate Banking Subcommittee on National Security and International Trade and Finance at a hearing on the investment climate and improving market access in financial services in India on September 25, 2013.
Subramanian shared his observations about the Indian economy and the current climate for foreign direct investment with the panel, addressed the potential for an effective Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) between India and the United States, and offered two key recommendations. From Subramanian’s testimony:
Arvind Subramanian testified before the Joint Economic Committee at a hearing titled “Manufacturing in the USA: How Trade Policy Offshores Jobs” on September 21, 2011. Subramanian’s testimony focused on the US-China trade relationship.