Tuesday, March 22, 2016 - 1:00pm
Neglected diseases continue to affect over a billion people worldwide and effective treatments and diagnostics are scarce. Yet research and development (R&D) for products to prevent and treat these diseases tend to be underfunded. A major barrier, particularly for pharmaceutical companies, is a lack of economic incentives to justify R&D. So how can we make the investment case and incentives for industry engagement stronger?
Wednesday, March 16, 2016 - 1:15pm
How can development practitioners best contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? What approaches are most effective in promoting gender equality and social inclusion? The adoption of the SDGs is an opportune time to discuss lessons learned and promising pathways forward. The event will discuss SDG 5 (focused on gender equality) and how gender equality objectives impact the achievement of other critical SDGs.
Tuesday, March 15, 2016 - 12:30pm
Tobacco taxes are widely regarded as one of the most effective policy tools available for limiting the accessibility and availability of tobacco. Raising tobacco taxes has also been deemed the single most cost-effective way to save lives in developing countries. For China, which is home to roughly one-third of the world’s 820 million male smokers, the need for such a mechanism is dire. But do the gains in health and revenues raised from tobacco taxes outweigh the costs to households, especially poor ones?
Friday, March 4, 2016 - 9:00am
In March, the United Nations Statistical Committee is expected to decide on the final piece of the Sustainable Development Goals: the indicators. More than 200 indicators will be proposed to measure the 17 goals and 169 targets. Meanwhile, the new Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data, which aims to help countries fill data gaps, improve their use of data, expand their data capacity, and increase the openness of their data, is also getting off the ground. It will now be up to countries to determine how they will build up their statistical capacity and improve their statistical systems to measure the SDG indicators and show progress against the goals. But are the kinds of data needed to monitor progress against the SDGs and the kinds of data that will drive change on the ground at odds?
Wednesday, February 24, 2016 - 10:30am
The private sector accounts for the considerable majority of well-paying jobs worldwide. Without the engagement of private companies, global goals for gender equality in the workplace and women’s economic empowerment will never be accomplished. How can companies move beyond traditional corporate social responsibility to combine profits with gender progress?
Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - 3:30pm
The Institute for Disease Modeling conducts quantitative research aimed at disease eradication through the application of tools such as statistical and individual-based modeling. This talk will provide an overview of the Institute, and then focus on several vignettes that highlight how modeling can be used to support public health and policy recommendations. Individual topics will include malaria RTS, S vaccine evaluation, polio risk mapping for vaccine targeting, male circumcision impact for HIV prevention, and more.
Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - 12:00pm
The Kapuscinski Development Lecture will be delivered by Nancy Birdsall, Founding President at the Center for Global Development. The lecture is a joint initiative of the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme and the Hertie School of Governance. This is a non-CGD event and will be live-streamed.
Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - 11:00am
In this paper Patricia Navarro-Palau studies the effects of an increase in school choice by examining a 2008 reform that made the value of Chile's (previously flat, universal) school voucher a step function of student income. This policy increased the proportion of private schools that low income, eligible children could access free of charge from 0.5 to 0.7. She identifies the impact of the policy by combining its introduction with variation from a date of birth enrollment cutoff for 1st grade. She shows that the differentiated voucher lowered the probability that students used public schools by a small fraction and that these students shifted out of low achievement public schools to enroll in low achievement private schools.
Tuesday, February 16, 2016 - 4:00pm
The global health community has made great strides in addressing AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria: fewer people are contracting these diseases, fewer people are dying from them, and far more people are enrolled in life-saving treatments. Yet to sustain this progress and defeat these three diseases, the global community must find more efficient ways to allocate and structure funding.
Tuesday, February 16, 2016 - 12:00pm
This event is cancelled.
We develop and implement a novel, mobile phone-based information clearinghouse, and experimentally evaluate its ability to overcome information asymmetries and improve public service delivery to farmers in Punjab, Pakistan. Like many crowdsourcing websites, our clearinghouse collects and disseminates ratings—here, on the success of government veterinarians in inseminating livestock. We find that, compared to control, farmers receiving ratings enjoy 27 percent higher insemination success. This effect is entirely due to increased veterinarian effort, rather than farmers switching veterinarians. Treatment farmers are also 33 percent more likely to return to a government veterinarian rather than seeking a private provider. These results suggest large welfare benefits from a low-cost information intervention, which holds out hope for improved government accountability for the poor using basic mobile technology.
Thursday, February 11, 2016 - 12:00pm
The economic consequences of large-scale government investments in education depend on the general equilibrium (GE) effects in both the labor market and the education sector. I develop a novel general equilibrium model and derive sufficient statistics that capture the economic consequences of a massive countrywide schooling initiative implemented by the Indian government. I provide unbiased estimates of the sufficient statistics using a Regression Discontinuity design. The earnings returns to a year of education are 13.4%. The general equilibrium labor market effects are substantial: they depress the returns to skill and dampen the increase in economic benefits. These GE effects have distributional consequences across cohorts and skill groups, where as a result of the policy unskilled workers are better off and skilled workers are worse off. In the education sector, more private schools enter these markets negating concerns of crowd-out. These results indicate that researchers and policymakers need to consider the GE effects when scaling up micro-interventions.
Thursday, February 11, 2016 - 10:00am
Join Nancy Birdsall for a bipartisan conversation with Raj Shah and Michael Gerson on the future of US foreign assistance: what works, what doesn’t, why we should care, and what we should do to reform it.
Shah, USAID Administrator under President Obama, and Gerson, assistant to President George W. Bush for policy and strategic planning, are co-authors of “Foreign Assistance and the Revolution of Rigor” in the recently released second edition of Moneyball for Government.
Tuesday, February 9, 2016 - 5:00pm
This London, UK event, co-hosted by Nesta and the Center for Global Development in Europe, will introduce the Global Innovation Fund and its mission, highlight its first investments and grants, and showcase some of the innovators.
Confirmed speakers include: Michael Anderson (CEO, The Children’s Investment Fund Foundation), Owen Barder (Vice President, Center for Global Development), Geoff Mulgan (Chief Executive, Nesta), Kanini Mutooni (Director of Investments & ICT for the East Africa Trade and Investment Hub) and Alix Zwane (CEO, Global Innovation Fund).
CGD Invited Research Forum
Tuesday, February 9, 2016 - 12:30pm
Bureaucracies with field operations that cannot be easily supervised and monitored are often caught in two potential sources of dysfunctions: field agents using asymmetric information to their own advantage, and limiting fields agents’ ability to use the same information to improve projects. In his new paper, Dan Honig examines this trade-off in the context international development organizations (IDOs).
Monday, February 8, 2016 - 12:00pm
Many authoritarian regimes wield the threat of repression to maintain power despite a lack of popular support. In such contexts, citizens who do not support the regime must assess the risk of publicly expressing their dissent and make decisions about how to behave in low-information, emotionally-charged environments. I draw from cognitive psychology to argue that the emotion of fear affects how citizens perceive and process information about repression risk. Specifically, fear makes citizens pessimistic in their perceptions of the risk of repression, and risk averse. I test the implications of this theory using a lab-in-the-field experiment with 671 urban and rural opposition supporters in Zimbabwe. I find that fear reduces participation in dissent by between 14 and 77% on a range of hypothetical and behavioral measures. There is also evidence for a cognitive channel: fear increases pessimism about others' actions and the personal risk of repression as well as risk aversion. These results suggest that emotions can be used strategically to enhance repressive threats to demobilize citizens.
Monday, February 8, 2016 - 11:00am
Tobacco kills more people each year than HIV/AIDs, malaria and TB combined. The number of smokers is rising in developing countries and will contribute to 1 billion premature deaths in this century unless countries implement well-known, cost-effective tobacco control policies, including higher tobacco taxes. Such taxes not only save lives but also increase revenues and reduce poverty among households whose members quit smoking.
Tuesday, February 2, 2016 - 12:30pm
There are fewer people living in extreme poverty in the world today than 30 years ago. While that is an achievement, continuing progress for poor people is far from assured. Inequalities in access to key resources threaten to stall growth and poverty reduction in many places. The world’s poorest have made only a small absolute gain over those 30 years. Progress has been slow against relative poverty, judged by the standards of the country and time one lives in. And a great many people in the world’s emerging middle class remain vulnerable to falling back into poverty.
CGD Invited Research Forum
Thursday, January 28, 2016 - 12:30pm
Under what conditions can electoral politics lead to the emergence of strong legislatures? An underlying assumption in much of the literature on democratization and democratic consolidation is that electoral competition strengthens both vertical and horizontal accountability. Yet the spread of multiparty elections over the last two decades has resulted in varying levels of legislative institutionalization and strength in much of the developing world. With data on legislative activity in Kenya and Zambia under both autocracy and democracy, Ken Opalo argues that legislative strength at the point of transition conditions both the rate and direction of legislative development after transition. In other words, that institutional development takes time and spans the transition moment. This is a departure from the current literature on autocratic and democratic institutions that (over) emphasize the significance of discontinuities around regime transitions.