Wednesday, November 4, 2015 - 2:00pm
Duncan Green reflects on the future of international aid and presents some advance thinking on his forthcoming book, How Change Happens, (OUP October 2016). He'll argue that theories of change are not just 'logframes on steroids', another reductionist toolkit destined to annoy aid practitioners around the world, but a fundamentally new way of understanding and influencing development.
Tuesday, November 3, 2015 - 3:00pm
A legal identity is the first step to claiming many basic rights. Yet 750m children around the world do not even have a birth certificate. They are denied the chance to play an active and productive role – and to raise themselves and their families out of poverty.
SDG Target 16.9 requires states to ‘provide legal identity for all, including birth registration’. Yet legal identification is much more than a goal in itself: it is critical in achieving at least 10 other SDGs from financial inclusion to gender equality to tackling climate change.
With legal identity becoming a priority for governments around the world, this high level event considers the implications for, and experiences of, governments in the developed and developing world and examines the potential for biometric technology to help find the missing millions and achieve development goals.
Thursday, October 22, 2015 - 12:00pm
How does civil war violence affect female political participation? Qualitative evidence suggests that new opportunities for women as political actors may arise during wartime. But these claims have not been systematically evaluated. In this paper, Omar García-Ponce uses rich micro-level data to investigate the legacies of Peru’s Shining Path insurgency on women’s engagement in local politics. He finds that electoral gender quotas have been more successful in conflict-affected areas. However, the positive effects of violence on female political participation are reversed in specific areas that experienced sexual violence. He also provides evidence that these effects persist across generations.
Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - 3:00pm
The slow global response to the Ebola crisis in West Africa suggests that important gaps exist in donor financing for key global functions, such as strengthening of outbreak preparedness and support for research and development (R&D) to fight the diseases of poverty. What do we know about how much health aid is devoted to such global functions?
CGD will host Lawrence H. Summers and Dean Jamison as they discuss a novel, policy-oriented approach to categorizing donor funding for health. This new approach, which combines official development assistance (ODA) for health with additional donor spending on R&D for diseases of poverty, reveals what functions aid is currently serving and where gaps may lie in the financing of key global functions in health.
After remarks, speakers will discuss the implications of these gaps for future donor financing, how a “grand convergence” in health can be achieved by 2035 and how to prevent future global health crises.
Wednesday, October 21, 2015 - 12:30pm
Secure property rights have long been seen as a crucial enabler of economic development. David Cameron's recent `Golden Thread of Development', mentioned property rights as `one of the building blocks that takes countries from poverty to prosperity.' This view has long been held by the world’s multilateral and bilateral aid donors, of which many spend a significant amount of resources promoting the development of formal property right regimes in developing countries. Yet, despite high expectations, evidence of the impact of formal property rights is still incomplete.
Tuesday, October 20, 2015 - 9:30am
The sizable increase in income inequality in many parts of the world since the 1990s and the severe consequences of the global economic and financial crisis have brought distributional issues to the top of the policy agenda. The challenge for many governments is to address concerns over rising inequality while simultaneously promoting economic efficiency and more robust growth.
The event’s discussion will center on Inequality and Fiscal Policy, a new book edited by Benedict Clements, Ruud de Mooij, Sanjeev Gupta, and Michael Keen of the International Monetary Fund. An important message of the book is that growth and equity are not necessarily at odds; with the appropriate mix of policy instruments and careful policy design, countries can in many cases achieve better distributional outcomes and improve economic efficiency. Country studies demonstrate the diversity of challenges and the differing capacity to address this issue more fundamentally.
Thursday, October 15, 2015 - 4:00pm
With nations signed up to the Global Goals for Sustainable Development, and looking ahead to an historic agreement on climate change in Paris, now is the time to underline the fundamental link between climate and development, and to identify practical solutions for both.CGD’s new report details how payment-for-performance in reducing tropical deforestation is a win-win for both climate and development. A distinguished panel of innovators, thought-leaders and implementers will discuss the findings of this major new work that address the twin questions of how to minimize climate change and increase development outcomes at the same time.
Thursday, October 8, 2015 - 2:30pm
Global financial resources for health have substantially increased over the period of the MDGs but are now steady or declining. Domestic resources in low- and middle-income countries may not be able to keep up with demand for treatment needs, let alone other prevention services. In this context, there is need to make better use of existing funds (or do more with less), reallocating funds to the most effective mix of programs for a given epidemiological context across the range of disease areas affecting populations. The Optima team applies a practical and sophisticated technical approach to assist national decision-makers, program managers, and funding partners achieve maximum impact with the funding available for the country’s response to disease burdens and plan for sustainability. A global perspective and country case studies will be presented particularly in the area of HIV, along with description of the Optima approach.
CGD Invited Research Forum
Thursday, October 8, 2015 - 12:30pm
Why are the wide gaps in living standards between rural and urban areas in developing countries so persistent? The presence of amenities in rural areas is one explanation for why (even more) people don't move from impoverished rural areas to urban centers. In her new paper, Martina Kirchberger links data from geo-referenced household surveys on crime and mistrust, to satellite measures of pollution and data on population density. She shows significant pollution-population density gradients for China and India. In Africa, it does not seem to be the case that urban living is accompanied by tangible disamenities from pollution or crime. Nevertheless, there appears to be a breakdown in trusting relationships in urban areas, and this is one of the few variables that would provide support for a simple spatial equilibrium.
Tuesday, October 6, 2015 - 12:30pm
Do labor-intensive public works programs (PWPs) serve as an important social protection tools to supplement the income of poor households and improve public infrastructure? In their paper, Goldberg and coauthors conduct a unique nationally-representative evaluation of the Malawi Social Action Fund, Malawi's largest social protection program, using across- and within-village randomization to estimate the effects of the program on its stated objectives: food security and use of agricultural inputs.
Despite the commitment to the program and the substantial resources devoted to it, Goldberg and coauthors find no evidence that it improves food security, but that it actually generates negative spillover effects that reduce the food security of untreated households in two of the country's three geographic regions. Moreover, variations intended to improve the design of the program by shifting earnings opportunities to the country's lean season from harvest season do not generate positive impacts on food security.
Thursday, October 1, 2015 - 2:00pm
Against the backdrop of uncertainties in the global economy and weakening growth in many developing countries, the World Bank Group approaches its annual meetings in Lima, Peru. In a year of renewed ambition on development goals and development financing globally, reflected in major agenda setting conferences in Addis Ababa, New York, and Paris we ask how much will the World Bank lead on these agendas, and how much do the agendas themselves matter to the bank's own clients? Is the World Bank adapting quickly and effectively enough to meet client demands and global needs? What does the move to create new multilateral institutions by many of the World Bank's own shareholders mean for the bank's role as anchor and partner in the multilateral system?
At a particularly important moment for the institution, Sri Mulyani Indrawati is well placed to speak directly to all of these issues. Having served for over five years as the World Bank's managing director and chief operations officer, and prior to that as finance minister for one of the bank's major clients, Ms. Indrawati brings a unique and compelling perspective to the question of the World Bank's future.
Tuesday, September 29, 2015 - 12:30pm
The world recently reached a milestone in the fight against HIV/AIDS: 15 million people around the globe now have access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART). In 2001, only 1 million people had such access. This has resulted in tremendous gains in population health and life expectancy for HIV-infected persons. Less well understood, however, are the non-health impacts of increased access to ART, such as on employment rates, and what those effects could mean for the economic benefits of HIV treatment.
In this brownbag, Zoë McLaren and Jeremy Barofsky will present their research into the effects of ART programs on labor market outcomes in South Africa and Malawi, respectively.
Tuesday, September 29, 2015 - 11:30am
As nations sign up to the Global Goals for Sustainable Development, and look ahead to an historic agreement on climate change at COP21, a transformative process is culminating that fully integrates climate change into sustainable development. Now is the time to underline clearly the fundamental reality that without sustainability, development will falter, and to identify solutions for both. Practical mechanisms are at hand: payment-for-performance in reducing tropical deforestation, adopting sustainable energy practices, climate-proofing development planning and programming.
The distinguished panel of innovators, thought-leaders and implementers will share their experiences from the field, highlight new ways of thinking, and reveal forward-looking policy options that address the twin questions of how to minimize climate change and how to increase development outcomes at the same time. Attendees will leave with a clear understanding of proven sustainable solutions that the world can adopt immediately.
Monday, September 28, 2015 - 12:00pm
600 million people in Africa have no access to electricity and millions more have only minimal, sporadic access. This energy poverty has deadly consequences for health outcomes and inhibits economic growth, including by discouraging American and other foreign investment. Recognizing this challenge, the U.S. government’s Power Africa initiative is one effort to increase electricity access on the continent, leveraging private sector, multilateral, and other bilateral commitments. Now, the House and Senate have introduced the Electrify Africa Act (H.R. 2847 and S. 1933, respectively) to authorize longer-term U.S. assistance for expanding energy access and boosting power generation on the continent.
Thursday, September 17, 2015 - 5:30pm
Please join us for a reception to celebrate the release of Minute Zero, the latest thriller in the Judd Ryker series from Todd Moss about a professor inside the State Department’s Crisis Reaction Unit. In the novel, Ryker is sent to Zimbabwe where an aging dictator is stealing re-election and crushing its nascent democracy. Ryker supports a human rights lawyer who is challenging the president, but to help her win he must outsmart the plotters and overcome Washington’s indifference. Minute Zero was inspired by true-life events in 2008, Todd's experiences in government, and especially his love of a country he first visited as a student 25 years ago.
Thursday, September 17, 2015 - 9:30am
The last few years have seen some significant progress in legal reform worldwide affecting women and girls, from compulsory free primary education and land titling reform to increased legal age of marriage and the introduction of gender violence laws. This year’s edition of the World Bank Group’s Women, Business and the Law report tracks some of those changes but also asks "does changing laws make a difference to actual outcomes?" That is the subject of ongoing research at the Center for Global Development covering early marriage, female genital mutilation, and land titling. This event will bring together the Women, Business and the Law team and CGD researchers to discuss the impact of legal reform — what we know and what it suggests for policymakers trying to improve outcomes for women and girls.
Wednesday, September 16, 2015 - 12:30pm
Senior Lecturer, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Research Fellow, CGD Europe
Wednesday, September 16, 2015 - 9:00am
Recent research suggests a stark mismatch between ordinary Africans’ most pressing development priorities and the agendas of US foreign aid agencies. To address this, US aid agencies have taken further steps to promote country-led approaches and foster direct engagement with and garner feedback from intended beneficiaries. Moreover, the world is pressing ahead with a new development agenda, the Sustainable Development Goals.
So, what do people in Sub-Saharan Africa think about these changes? A new Pew Research Center survey conducted in 9 African countries evaluates citizens’ most important development priorities as well as their perceptions of foreign aid agencies. The countries are: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The Pew Research Center will present key findings from the survey. This will be followed by a panel discussion on the major policy implications for the development community.