More than 60 percent of those surveyed by Afrobarometer listed unemployment among their top three responses for problems that government should address. Joblessness, lack of opportunity, and institutional corruption are key underpinnings of conflict, instability, and motivations to join extremist groups.
Since 1978, barely one-third of US assistance to the Middle East and North Africa has been allocated to economic support. Since 2009, despite a long period of economic decline in the region, economic assistance has not accounted for more than 10 percent of total combined military and economic aid.
The domestic emissions cuts that countries are expected to pledge
unilaterally by the time of the Paris Agreement will not deliver the
emission reductions needed through 2030 to avoid catastrophic
impacts of climate change. In the most optimistic scenario, we can
get about halfway there.
Though it’s easy to focus on top-line budgets, what ultimately matters is the number of people a program benefits. Combining information about the total budgets with the number of ‘beneficiaries’ that agencies purport to reach picks up some interesting trends.
The 368 programs about which we know both the type of budget and how the cash transfer was made represent $750 million (of the $2.8 billion) worth of programs. Of this, less than 5 percent, nearly $37 million, is for ‘cash only’ programs that delivered unconditional transfers.
Climate change hits the poor hardest. Poor people living in tropical countries are more exposed to storms and extreme weather, their housing and infrastructure is weaker, and they have less savings or insurance to fall back on when disaster strikes.
USAID support to developing countries is considerably less than the financial flows countries receive from foreign direct investment, remittances from citizens living overseas, and even philanthropic giving.