Strengthening the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), formally adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, define the development agenda for UN member states to follow for the next 15 years. Following the Millennium Development Goals set in 2000, the SDGs are meant to bring climate, development, and sustainability goals together under one universal and ambitious package. There are 17 Sustainable Development Goals, all with a number of targets that total to 169.

CGD experts have been contributing to the debate about the post-2015 development agenda for several years. Below is a non-exhaustive series of blog posts directly analyzing the SDGs and their targets with edits and suggestions for more ambition and precision.

Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Charles Kenny: First Fix the Goalposts

Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Amanda Glassman: Two Quick Fixes for Global Health

Goal 4: Provide equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all
Justin Sandefur: Focus on Ending Illiteracy

Goal 5: Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere
Charles Kenny: Improving the Gender Targets

Goal 6: Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all
Todd Moss: Update the 'Modern' in Universal Modern Energy Access

Goal 8: Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all
Charles Kenny: Sharpening the Target on Economic Growth

Goal 9: Promote sustainable industrialization
Charles Kenny: Strengthening Roads and Research

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Goal 11: Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements

Goal 12: Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13: Promote actions at all levels to address climate change
Jonah Busch: A Pound of Cure, Sure, But Where's the Ounce of Prevention?

Goal 14: Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas

Goal 15: Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss
Frances Seymour: Four Observations on Forests

Goal 16: Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions
Casey Dunning: Achieving Practical Governance and Peace Targets

Goal 17: Strengthen and enhance the means of implementation and global partnership for sustainable development

Related Working Groups