Defense, diplomacy, and development strategies have long been used to achieve foreign policy objectives, but increasingly the lines between them are blurred. Some responsibilities traditionally undertaken by and funded through civilian agencies are migrating to the military. Programs like the Commanders’ Emergency Response Program (CERP) in Iraq and Afghanistan have pushed the U.S. military into ever-expanding roles and functions. In 2005, nearly 23 percent of U.S. foreign assistance was channeled through the Department of Defense. Since then, the Department of Defense’s global share of U.S. official development assistance (ODA) has remained above 15 percent. Senior fellow Todd Moss is the Center’s main contributor on these issues.