With rigorous economic research and practical policy solutions, we focus on the issues and institutions that are critical to global development. Explore our core themes and topics to learn more about our work.
In timely and incisive analysis, our experts parse the latest development news and devise practical solutions to new and emerging challenges. Our events convene the top thinkers and doers in global development.
CGD’s research on aid effectiveness focuses on the policies and practices of bilateral and multilateral donors. Combining strong research credentials and high-level government experience, our experts analyze existing programs, monitor donor innovations, and design innovative approaches to deliver more effective aid. CGD research also provides insight into how policies ranging from trade to migration to investment undermine or complement foreign aid policies.
Get Aid Effectiveness Updates
CGD experts offer timely research, analysis, and policy ideas for the world’s emerging development challenges. Sign up to get the latest updates from CGD!
Secretary Clinton will be leaving August 5 for a seven-country tour of Africa. She will hit Kenya, South Africa, Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Liberia, and Cape Verde. (Whew!) The itinerary suggests that the theme of the trip will be more real politik than President Obama’s recent visit to Ghana which stressed good governance and was a celebration of Ghana’s recent electoral and economic successes. The Secretary, in choosing the largest economies and the continent’s most influential capitals, is likely to highlight more traditional U.S. economic and security interests. A few thoughts on what to expect -- and what Africa can hope for:
UK Minister for International Development Douglas Alexander presented at a CGD roundtable yesterday a new poverty action plan to help the world’s poorest people cope with the global economic crisis. Alexander said that the measures described in the new UK government White Paper, Eliminating World Poverty: Building Our Common Future would help 50 million people hit by the crisis, keeping children in school, parents in jobs, and the most vulnerable people out of destitution.
Abstract: This paper examines how US military aid affects political violence and democracy in Colombia. Since military aid is channeled to particular Colombian army brigades operating out of government military bases, we compare how changes in aid affect violence and elections outcomes in municipalities with and without bases. To address potential endogeneity in the timing of aid, we use an instrument based on U.S. military aid to the rest of the world (excluding Latin America). We find that increases in US military lead to differential increases in attacks by paramilitaries (who are aligned with the government), but have no significant effect on attacks by guerillas. The aid shock also results in more paramilitary political assassinations during election periods, but has no significant effect on guerilla assassinations. Finally, increases in aid reduce voter turnout in base municipalities, and these effects are larger in politically contested areas. The results suggest that foreign military aid may strengthen the capacity of armed non-state actors, undermining domestic political institutions.
The Department of Defense (DoD) has become increasingly engaged in development activities over the past ten years through the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the broader counterterrorism effort. While the development community points to the links between poverty and U.S. security threats to justify increasing aid budgets, the Pentagon has shifted its priorities and resources to increase its engagement with the developing world. David Jea, a CGD visiting associate on leave from the U.S. State Department, presents data on DoD’s evolving authorities, programs, personnel, and budgets, shedding light on the current civilian military imbalance and its possible implications.