Aid Effectiveness

CGD’s research on aid effectiveness focuses on the policies and practices of bilateral and multilateral donors. The Center’s researchers analyze existing programs, monitor donor innovations, and design innovative approaches to deliver more effective aid. CGD research also provides insight into how policies ranging from trade to migration to investment undermine or complement foreign aid policies. 


Center for Global Development experts present concrete, practical policy proposals that will promote growth and reduce poverty abroad. Each can make a difference at virtually no incremental cost to US taxpayers. Together, they can help secure America’s preeminence as a development and security power and partner.

Cash on Delivery is a new approach to foreign aid that focuses on results, encourages innovation, and strengthens government accountability to citizens rather than donors. Under COD Aid, donors pay for measurable and verifiable progress on specific outcomes.

DIBs provide development programs with upfront funding from private investors, who are remunerated by donors or host-country governments — and earn a return — if evidence shows that the programs achieve pre-agreed outcomes.

QuODA assesses the official development assistance (ODA) of 35 donor countries and more than 100 aid agencies on four dimensions of what constitutes high-quality aid: maximizing efficiency, fostering institutions, reducing burden, and transparency and learning.