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As more countries rise out of poverty, CGD’s work in this area focuses on the inequities and emerging problems that jeopardize global health progress.
As more countries rise out of poverty, CGD is focusing on the inequities and emerging problems that jeopardize global health progress: How should governments allocate scarce health budgets rationally and equitably? How can the world advance global health security and fight infectious diseases? What can be done to address treatment inequalities between developed and developing countries? What are the benefits of, mechanisms for, and threats to, greater family planning provision? CGD research helps policymakers build sustainable health systems, respond to shifting realities, and deliver value for money.
A new pay-for-performance approach to spur the 35 states of India to perform better in the health sector was recently announced. For the first time, central government funding to individual states under the country's 'flagship' health program, the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), will depend on the state's performance. According to a Times of India news article, states that fail to perform on certain areas – primarily a more equitable distribution of doctors and nurses – will have their NRHM budget reduced, while states demonstrating performance on other areas, such as providing free generic drugs at public facilities, can earn additional outlays.
The authors of this working paper analyze the effects of the Aarogyasri health insurance program deployed in 2007 in Andhra Pradesh to reduce catastrophic health expenditures in households below the poverty line.